Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that develops only during pregnancy. In gestational diabetes, blood sugar levels rise. It often develops between the 24th-28th week of pregnancy when the placenta produces hormones reducing insulin efficiency.
For most women, gestational diabetes doesn’t cause noticeable signs or symptoms. If possible, seek health care early — when you first think about trying to get pregnant — so your doctor can evaluate your risk of gestational diabetes as part of your overall childbearing wellness plan. Once you’re pregnant, your doctor will address gestational diabetes as part of your prenatal care.
It is important to know that:
After Delivery, your body begins to recover from the hard work of pregnancy and delivery. Usually new mothers have better blood glucose control in the first few weeks after delivery. For others, it’s a period of odd blood glucose swings. It is best to check your blood glucose levels very frequently following delivery to avoid either high or low blood glucose levels until you get an idea of how much insulin your body needs.
If you have gestational diabetes, there is a very good chance that your diabetes will go away immediately after the delivery, especially, if your diabetes was controlled with only a meal plan and exercise during pregnancy. You should continue to check your blood glucose levels for at least several days to make sure your diabetes is actually gone.
Women with a history of gestational diabetes frequently develop type 2 diabetes later, so check with your healthcare team and get your type 2 diabetes checked, every 1–3 years.